Vision Docs - All your documents in one place

Now available on the app!

Imaging & Vision Handbook More

Improve your level of machine vision know how

BETTER TO KNOW MORE

Benefit from the expert´s knowledge

Vision Docs - Handbook available now

VISION EXPERTISE

AT YOUR FINGERTIPS

Get the Imaging & Vision Handbook! More

Rolling and global shutter (CMOS sensors)

While interlaced and progressive scan terms relate to CCD sensors the terms 'global and rolling shutter' only refer to CMOS sensor technology.

Sensors with "global shutter" could be considered the same as CCD progressive scan and are used in most machine vision cameras. These sensors have the advantage that all pixels are exposed simultaneously for a defined period, called the exposure time.

In a "rolling shutter" sensor, the start and end of exposure on each row or column or individual pixel happens sequentially, so all the pixels are not exposed all at the same time. It can take up to 1/frame rate for all of the pixels on the sensor to become active. The effect will be noticed if the object is moving. See image below.

Rolling shutter sensors allow for a pixel to be designed with fewer transistors, reducing cost, and in some circumstances, increasing the well capacity and hence the quality. There are some modes of operation that can be implemented in rolling shutter cameras that give a global effect, e.g. using strobe light.